Cappadocia Geomorphological Settings
Cappadocia is one of the worlds most surrealistic geological wonders. The area is a result of millions of years of natural forces and volcanic activity.
Between 65 and 2 million years ago two continents gradually approached each other from the north and south, clashing in the area known as Anatolia. In this area three major cones were formes, those of Mount Erciyes, Hasandağ and Göllüdağ. These volcanoes errupted over years, throwing lava out over the Cappadocia region. This formed a thick layer of tufa rock, amongst this was also soft and hard tufa, basalt, ash, clay and sandstone. As time moved on and with natural activities from the rivers, wind and rain the tufa began to errode forming various formations all around what is now known as Cappadocia.
The Bases Of The Name CAPPADOCIA (Kapadokya)
Persians,who came from the high plateaus of Iran,obtained Greece cities one by one in the period of classical age of greece colonialism in Anatolia and they achieved to establish a big Persian Kingdom in Anatolia.It is coincided with the name of cappadocia firstly in persian inscription from this period. 'Capadocia' on the inscription which is on the column that is set up in the period of Persian King I.Dareios power before Christ between the years of 522-486 A.D.There are advanced views that the meaning of cappadocia in Persian language is 'land of the beautiful horses' and these views reflected to many resources.